The seeds made by the coffee plant are the coffee beans. Though they are referred to as beans they are not really beans in the real botanical sense of the term. The coffee plant bears red or purple fruits which are also called cherries or berries of coffee and the stone that lies inside may be the ?bean? which is the foundation of coffee. Two stones lying with their flat sides together usually constitute the coffee bean. It is out of this bean that coffee is produced which you can use to produce a variety of coffee beverages like espresso, latte and cappuccino utilizing the right coffee makers- espresso machines etc. It can be mentioned a small percentage of any crop of coffee cherries contain a single bean in the cherries instead of the usual two. Such berries are called pea berries.
Coffees facts Some 0.8% to 2.5% caffeine is contained in the endosperm of the coffee seed or bean. This caffeine content gives them the characteristic flavor for which the plant is cultivated. Several species of the coffee plant is there and the seeds of every species produce coffees having slightly different tastes. Variation could be observed in the flavors of different genetic subspecies also and the coffee varietals- where in fact the coffee plants are increasingly being cultivated.
Coffee beans certainly are a major item of export of many countries. Coffee Arabica may be the species which makes up the major portion (70-75%) of the planet trade. Another important coffee species of coffee cultivated is the Coffee canephora. This is grown where the Coffee Arabica does not thrive.
Processing of coffees The coffee beans are processed before they’re readied for use in preparing espresso, latte, cappuccino along with other special coffee drinks using coffee makers- espresso machines and the like. The processing begins with the beans being taken off the coffee cherries. The fruit is then discarded or made use of as a fertilizer. The bean or seed of coffee is then ground and found in the preparation of beverages of various kinds using a coffee maker or espresso machine.
Coffees and espresso beans A difference between ordinary coffees and the espresso beans will there be. The espresso beans tend to be a concoction of beans. These are almost always a comparatively dark roast like a Vienna or light French roast. This is seemingly a trade secret. So, even though the formula of the blend can be discovered the exact amounts or proportions in which the constituents should be blended cannot be easily discovered.
Flavoring of coffee beans Addititionally there is the process of flavoring the coffee beans so that they can work upon their natural flavor to meet some purpose. Natural oils are usually used to achieve this. Half an ounce of oil is usually to be added to a pound of beans for the flavoring to be achieved.
The primary concern of most coffee lovers being the flavor of the drinks, special attention must be given to ensure that the best flavor is obtained from the coffee beans. That is of crucial importance in the event of preparation of espresso, cappuccino, latte and all other special coffee beverages. The superior coffee makers and espresso machines may also deliver the very best results i.e. brew the perfect drinks only if the very best flavored ground coffee beans are employed. Many of the world class coffee makers and espresso machines of the day has been reported to be failing woefully to deliver desirable brews owing to the use of coffees that were not sufficient.
The real flavor of the coffees starts developing with the growth of the plant and is influenced by the climate of where it is grown. Of course, the particular species of the coffee plant also matters in the developing of the flavor. The processing of the bean i.e. the processes that the coffees are created to undergo through once they are extracted from the coffee fruits also affects their taste and flavor.
Roasting helping draw out best flavors Roasting of the beans is an important process that helps bring out the true vibrant flavor of the beans. The carbohydrate and fat content of the coffee beans get transformed to aromatic oils by heat of the process. Thus giving rise to the great coffee flavor which is cherished by individuals from all corners of the planet.
Several types of roasting of the coffee beans likewise have different effects on the coffee produced i.e. varying of the composition. So, while light roast produces light flavored coffee the medium roast results in preparation of a sweeter and fuller-bodied coffee. Again, dark roast that will require an extended roasting time produces a spicy and sweet deep tasting coffee. The characteristic flavors of coffee that are due to particular roasting are produced in the brews prepared by the coffee makers too.
Selecting best coffee beans and ensuring their freshness It is the best coffee beans which are to be selected. This is determined from the region where they are procured from. The coffee planted in a particular region and influenced by its climate produces a distinctive flavor in its cherries and beans (seeds). The Arabica coffee is considered as the most effective. Gourmet coffee drinks are made using this coffee. Other varieties just like the Robusta beans have been known to have more caffeine content and lesser flavor. These are also prepared cheaper.
Keeping the coffee beans fresh is also essential. These are to be kept sealed in an air tight container. To deal with freshness in the coffee beverages that you make using your coffee maker or espresso machine it is advisable to purchase whole beans of coffee from specialty shops. These beans should be used within a week of purchase. Only then is it possible to reach enjoy perfectly flavored coffee drink. It is usually preferable to gave an excellent coffee grinder in the home and prepare freshly ground coffee for the brewing purpose. Pre ground coffee often lacks much of the flavor and aroma which are the hallmark of premium coffee. On the other hand freshly ground coffee provides more nutritional benefit and ensures the best flavor.